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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    In: Journal of Bacteriology, Feb, 1996, Vol.178(3-4), p.808(9)
    Description: A study was conducted to determine the role of the pili expressed by Haemophilus ducreyi in the pathogenesis of the genital ulcer disease chancroid. A gene encoding the 24K protein of fine, tangled pili, termed ftpA, was isolated and examined by molecular techniques. The results showed that the FtpA protein lacked homology with other pilins, but shared homoloy with proteins that polymerize ordered rings in Escherichia coli and Treponema pallidum.
    Keywords: Hemophilus Infections -- Genetic Aspects
    ISSN: 0021-9193
    E-ISSN: 10985530
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  • 2
    In: Infection and Immunity, 2008, Vol. 76(4), p.1608
    Description: The ability to bind extracellular matrix proteins is a critical virulence determinant for skin pathogens. Haemophilus ducreyi, the etiological agent of the genital ulcer disease chancroid, binds extracellular matrix components, including fibronectin (FN). We investigated H. ducreyi FN binding and report several important findings about this interaction. First, FN binding by H. ducreyi was greatly increased in bacteria grown on heme and almost completely inhibited by hemoglobin. Second, wild-type strain 35000HP bound significantly more FN than did a dsrA mutant in two different FN binding assays. Third, the expression of dsrA in the dsrA mutant restored FN binding and conferred the ability to bind FN to a non-FN-binding Haemophilus influenzae strain. Fourth, an anti-DsrA monoclonal antibody partially blocked FN binding by H. ducreyi. The hemoglobin receptor, the collagen-binding protein, the H. ducreyi lectin, the fine-tangle pili, and the outer membrane protein OmpA2 were not involved in H. ducreyi FN binding, since single mutants bound FN as well as the parent strain did. However, the major outer membrane protein may have a minor role in FN binding by H. ducreyi, since a double dsrA momp mutant bound less FN than did the single dsrA mutant. Finally, despite major sequence differences, DsrA proteins from both class I and class II H. ducreyi strains mediated FN and vitronectin binding. We concluded that DsrA is the major factor involved in FN binding by both classes of H. ducreyi strains.
    Keywords: Medicine ; Biology;
    ISSN: 0019-9567
    ISSN: 00199567
    E-ISSN: 10985522
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Microbial Pathogenesis, 1990, Vol.9(6), pp.417-426
    Description: Twelve strains of Haemophilus ducreyi isolated primarily from chancroid outbreaks in North America were examined for the presence of pili by transmission electron microscopy. We identified piliated cells in 10 of the 12 strains. Pilin extracts were prepared from the mechanically sheared cells of the 12 H. ducreyi strains as well as the stably piliated H. influenzae strain R890 and its non-piliated parent R906. Pili were present in 12 out of 12 H. ducreyi extracts and in the R890 extract but not in the R906 preparation. Pili were purified by cycles of differential pH solubilization and crystallization. In SDS-PAGE, the preparation consisted predominantly of a protein whose apparent relative molecular mass was 24,000 (24 k), and an electron micrograph showed that the preparation contained pili. Three H. ducreyi strains were passed 52 times on agar plates, and extracts prepared from these strains contained pili. There was no evidence of binding of erythrocytes obtained from nine mammalian and avian species to colonies of one of the stably piliated H. ducreyi strains. We conclude that H. ducreyi expressed pili, that the relative molecular mass of the pilin monomer was 24 k, that pilus expression was not readily lost in passage and that H. ducreyi pili may not bind to an erythrocyte receptor.
    Keywords: Haemophilus Ducreyi ; Pili ; Fimbriae ; Biology ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0882-4010
    E-ISSN: 1096-1208
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