Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

and
and

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Plant Leaves
Type of Medium
Language
Year
  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 11 October 2016, Vol.113(41), pp.E5993-E5995
    Description: Author contributions: M.A.A., H.R., and J.K. designed research; J.K. performed research; M.A.A. and J.K. analyzed data; and M.A.A., H.R., and J.K. wrote the paper.
    Keywords: Plant Leaves ; Temperature
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    In: PLoS ONE, 2015, Vol.10(5)
    Description: Climate change poses direct or indirect influences on physiological mechanisms in plants. In particular, long living plants like trees have to cope with the predicted climate changes (i.e. drought and air warming) during their life span. The present study aimed to quantify the consequences of simulated climate change for foliar N metabolites over a drought-rewetting-drought course. Saplings of three Central European oak species (i.e. Quercus robur , Q . petraea , Q . pubescens ) were tested on two different soil types (i.e. acidic and calcareous). Consecutive drought periods increased foliar amino acid-N and soluble protein-N concentrations at the expense of structural N in all three oak species. In addition, transient effects on foliar metabolite dynamics were observed over the drought-rewetting-drought course. The lowest levels of foliar soluble protein-N, amino acid-N and potassium cation with a minor response to drought and air warming were found in the oak species originating from the driest/warmest habitat ( Q . pubescens ) compared to Q . robur and Q . petraea . Higher foliar osmolyte-N and potassium under drought and air warming were observed in all oak species when grown on calcareous versus acidic soil. These results indicate that species-specific differences in physiological mechanisms to compensate drought and elevated temperature are modified by soil acidity.
    Keywords: Research Article
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Environmental Pollution, September 2016, Vol.216, pp.773-785
    Description: Growth and development of plants largely depends on their adaptation ability in a changing climate. This is particularly true on heavy metal contaminated soils, but the interaction of heavy metal stress and climate on plant performance has not been intensively investigated. The aim of the present study was to elucidate if transgenic poplars ( . ) with enhanced glutathione content possess an enhanced tolerance to drought and lead (Pb) exposure (single and in combination) and if they are good candidates for phytoremediation of Pb contaminated soil. Lead exposure reduced growth and biomass accumulation only in above-ground tissue of wild type poplar, although most of lead accumulated in the roots. Drought caused a decline of the water content rather than reduced biomass production, while Pb counteracted this decline in the combined exposure. Apparently, metals such as Pb possess a protective function against drought, because they interact with abscisic acid dependent stomatal closure. Lead exposure decreased while drought increased glutathione content in leaves of both plant types. Lead accumulation was higher in the roots of transgenic plants, presumably as a result of chelation by glutathione. Water deprivation enhanced Pb accumulation in the roots, but Pb was subject to leakage out of the roots after re-watering. Transgenic plants showed better adaptation under mild drought plus Pb exposure partially due to improved glutathione synthesis. However, the transgenic plants cannot be considered as a good candidate for phytoremediation of Pb, due to its small translocation to the shoots and its leakage out of the roots upon re-watering. The present study improves our understanding of the combined effects of lead and drought stress on plant growth and contributes to a better selection of plants for phytoremediation.
    Keywords: Water Deprivation ; Ros ; Re-Watering ; Glutathione ; Phytoremediation ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0269-7491
    E-ISSN: 1873-6424
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    In: New Phytologist, January 2015, Vol.205(1), pp.240-254
    Description: Overexpression of bacterial γ‐glutamylcysteine synthetase in the cytosol of Populus tremula × P. alba produces higher glutathione (GSH) concentrations in leaves, thereby indicating the potential for cadmium (Cd) phytoremediation. However, the net Cd2+ influx in association with H+/Ca2+, Cd tolerance, and the underlying molecular and physiological mechanisms are uncharacterized in these poplars. We assessed net Cd2+ influx, Cd tolerance and the transcriptional regulation of several genes involved in Cd2+ transport and detoxification in wild‐type and transgenic poplars. Poplars exhibited highest net Cd2+ influxes into roots at pH 5.5 and 0.1 mM Ca2+. Transgenics had higher Cd2+ uptake rates and elevated transcript levels of several genes involved in Cd2+ transport and detoxification compared with wild‐type poplars. Transgenics exhibited greater Cd accumulation in the aerial parts than wild‐type plants in response to Cd2+ exposure. Moreover, transgenic poplars had lower concentrations of O2˙− and H2O2; higher concentrations of total thiols, GSH and oxidized GSH in roots and/or leaves; and stimulated foliar GSH reductase activity compared with wild‐type plants. These results indicate that transgenics are more tolerant of 100 μM Cd2+ than wild‐type plants, probably due to the GSH‐mediated induction of the transcription of genes involved in Cd2+ transport and detoxification.
    Keywords: Antioxidant ; Cadmium C D ; Glutathione ; Ion Flux ; Oxidative Stress ; Phytoremediation ; Plasma Membrane H + ‐ Atp Ase ; P Opulus
    ISSN: 0028-646X
    E-ISSN: 1469-8137
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    In: Journal of Experimental Botany, 2012, Vol. 63(5), pp.1873-1893
    Description: The influence of sulphur (S) depletion on the expression of genes related to S metabolism, and on metabolite and plant hormone contents was analysed in young and mature leaves, fine roots, xylem sap, and phloem exudates of poplar ( Populus tremula×Populus alba ) with special focus on early consequences. S depletion was applied by a gradual decrease of sulphate availability. The observed changes were correlated with sulphate contents. Based on the decrease in sulphate contents, two phases of S depletion could be distinguished that were denominated as ‘S limitation’ and ‘early S deficiency’. S limitation was characterized by improved sulphate uptake (enhanced root-specific sulphate transporter Pta SULTR1;2 expression) and reduction capacities (enhanced adenosine 5′-phosphosulphate (APS) reductase expression) and by enhanced remobilization of sulphate from the vacuole (enhanced putative vacuolar sulphate transporter Pta SULTR4;2 expression). During early S deficiency, whole plant distribution of S was impacted, as indicated by increasing expression of the phloem-localized sulphate transporter Pta SULTR1;1 and by decreasing glutathione contents in fine roots, young leaves, mature leaves, and phloem exudates. Furthermore, at ‘early S deficiency’, expression of microRNA395 (miR395), which targets transcripts of Pta ATPS3/4 (ATP sulphurylase) for cleavage, increased. Changes in plant hormone contents were observed at ‘early S deficiency’ only. Thus, S depletion affects S and plant hormone metabolism of poplar during ‘S limitation’ and ‘early S deficiency’ in a time series of events. Despite these consequences, the impact of S depletion on growth of poplar plants appears to be less severe than in Brassicaceae such as Arabidopsis thaliana or Brassica sp.
    Keywords: Aps Reductase ; Atp Sulphurylase ; Mir395 ; Plant Hormones ; Poplar ; Sulphate Transporter (Sultr) ; Sulphur Deficiency
    ISSN: 0022-0957
    E-ISSN: 1460-2431
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    In: New Phytologist, October 2012, Vol.196(1), pp.162-172
    Description: • Increasing atmospheric concentrations of phytotoxic ozone (O3) can constrain growth and carbon sink strength of forest trees, potentially exacerbating global radiative forcing. Despite progress in the conceptual understanding of the impact of O3 on plants, it is still difficult to detect response patterns at the leaf level. • Here, we employed principal component analysis (PCA) to analyse a database containing physiological leaf‐level parameters of 60‐yr‐old Fagus sylvatica (European beech) trees. Data were collected over two climatically contrasting years under ambient and twice‐ambient O3 regimes in a free‐air forest environment. • The first principal component (PC1) of the PCA was consistently responsive to O3 and crown position within the trees over both years. Only a few of the original parameters showed an O3 effect. PC1 was related to parameters indicative of oxidative stress signalling and changes in carbohydrate metabolism. PC1 correlated with cumulative O3 uptake over preceding days. • PC1 represents an O3‐responsive multivariate pattern detectable in the absence of consistently measurable O3 effects on individual leaf‐level parameters. An underlying effect of O3 on physiological processes is indicated, providing experimental confirmation of theoretical O3 response patterns suggested previously.
    Keywords: Cumulative O 3 Uptake ; Fagus Sylvatica European Beech ; Multivariate Analysis ; Ozone O 3 ; Principal Component Analysis Pca
    ISSN: 0028-646X
    E-ISSN: 1469-8137
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 01 January 2018, Vol.13(3), p.e0194684
    Description: The coniferous forest tree Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is native to the pacific North America, and is increasingly planted in temperate regions worldwide. Nitrogen (N) metabolism is of great importance for growth, resistance and resilience of trees. In the present study, foliar N metabolism...
    Keywords: Sciences (General)
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    In: Tree Physiology, 2011, Vol. 31(2), pp.196-207
    Description: Beech seedlings originating from 11 German provenances with different climatic conditions were grown in pots and cultivated in a greenhouse. The composition of macro- and microelements in roots, axes and leaves was measured after half of the seedlings were subjected to a simulated summer drought. The recently described sensitivity of these provenances to drought was compared with drought-mediated changes in the elemental and ionic composition in organs of the seedlings; in addition, partitioning between roots and shoots was evaluated. A number of element concentrations were decreased in roots due to drought (K 94% of control, Mg 94%, Mn 75% and Zn 85%). However, chloride concentration increased in all organs (115–125%) and was the only element affected in leaves. Some changes in ionome can be related to sensitivity of provenances, but it is difficult to decide whether these changes are a result of, or a reason for, drought tolerance or sensitivity. Observed increases in chloride concentration in all plant parts of drought-treated beech seedlings can be explained by its function in charge balance, in particular since the level of phosphate was reduced. As a result of chloride accumulation, the sum of added charges of anions (and cations) in water extracts of leaf and root material was similar between drought and control plants. Since only the partitioning of Ca and Al (both only in axis) as well as Mn was affected and other elements (together with previously observed effects on C, N, S and P) remained unaffected by drought in all provenances, it can be concluded that direct effects by means of mass flow inhibition in xylem and phloem are unlikely. Secondary effects, for example on the pH of transport sap and the apoplastic space, cannot be excluded from the present study. These effects may affect partitioning between the apoplast and symplast and therefore may be significant for drought sensitivity.
    Keywords: Anions ; Beech ; Cations ; Plant Nutrition ; Water Stress
    ISSN: 0829-318X
    E-ISSN: 1758-4469
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Environmental Pollution, June 2018, Vol.237, pp.205-217
    Description: Energy crops are an important renewable source for energy production in future. To ensure high yields of crops, N fertilization is a common practice. However, knowledge on environmental impacts of bioenergy plantations, particularly in systems involving trees, and the effects of N fertilization is scarce. We studied the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC), which negatively affect the environment by contributing to tropospheric ozone and aerosols formation, from and willow plantations. Particularly, we aimed at quantifying the effect of N fertilization on VOC emission. For this purpose, we determined plant traits, photosynthetic gas exchange and VOC emission rates of the two systems as affected by N fertilization (0 and 80 kg ha yr ). Additionally, we used a modelling approach to simulate (i) the annual VOC emission rates as well as (ii) the OH reactivity resulting from individual VOC emitted. Total VOC emissions from was 1.5- and 2.5-fold higher compared to in non-fertilized and fertilized plantations, respectively. Isoprene was the dominating VOC in (80–130 μg g DW h ), whereas it was negligible in . We identified twenty-eight VOC compounds, which were released by with the green leaf volatile hexanal as well as dimethyl benzene, dihydrofuranone, phenol, and decanal as the dominant volatiles. The pattern of VOC released from this species clearly differed to the pattern emitted by . OH reactivity from VOC released by was ca. 8-times higher than that of . N fertilization enhanced stand level VOC emissions, mainly by promoting the leaf area index and only marginally by enhancing the basal emission capacity of leaves. Considering the higher productivity of fertilized compared to together with the considerably lower OH reactivity per weight unit of biomass produced, qualified the C -perennial grass as a superior source of future bioenergy production. N fertilization strongly increased VOC emission of but not of at the plantation level, making the latter a superior source of future bioenergy production.
    Keywords: Biogenic VOC Emissions ; Greenhouse Gas ; Plant Growth ; N Availability ; Bioenergy Crops ; Salix ; Miscanthus ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0269-7491
    E-ISSN: 1873-6424
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Environmental Pollution, November 2018, Vol.242, pp.905-913
    Description: Vegetation in the Arabian Peninsula is facing high and steadily rising tropospheric ozone pollution. However, little is known about the impacts of elevated ozone on date palms, one of the most important indigenous economic species. To elucidate the physiological responses of date palm to peak levels of acute ozone exposure, seedlings were fumigated with 200 ppb ozone for 8 h. Net CO assimilation rate, stomatal conduction, total carbon, its isotope signature and total sugar contents in leaves and roots were not significantly affected by the treatment and visible symptoms of foliar damage were not induced. Ozone exposure did not affect hydrogen peroxide and thiol contents but diminished the activities of glutathione reductase and dehydroascorbate reductase, stimulated the oxidation of ascorbate, and resulted in elevated total ascorbate contents. Total nitrogen, soluble protein and lignin contents remained unchanged upon ozone exposure, but the abundance of low molecular weight nitrogen (LMWN) compounds such as amino acids and nitrate as well as other anions were strongly diminished in leaves and roots. Other nitrogen pools did not benefit from the decline of LMWN, indicating reduced uptake and/or enhanced release of these compounds into the soil as a systemic response to aboveground ozone exposure. Several phenolic compounds, concurrent with fatty acids and stearyl alcohol, accumulated in leaves, but declined in roots, whereas total phenol contents significantly increased in the roots. Together these results indicate that local and systemic changes in both, primary and secondary metabolism contribute to the high tolerance of date palms to short-term acute ozone exposure. Date palms can grow and develop in an environment with high acute atmospheric ozone levels due to its tolerance to this air pollutant mediated by adaptations of both, primary and secondary metabolisms, as well as whole plant shoot-root interactions.
    Keywords: Sugars ; Reactive Oxygen Species ; Glutathione ; Ascorbate ; Nitrate ; Nitrogen Partitioning ; Anti-Oxidative System ; Secondary Metabolites ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0269-7491
    E-ISSN: 1873-6424
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. Further information can be found on the KOBV privacy pages