Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Controlled Release, 2011, Vol.154(1), pp.103-107
    Description: Drug delivery to the brain is restricted due to the blood–brain barrier (BBB). Previously, it has been shown that surfactant-coated doxorubicin-loaded nanoparticles were successful in overcoming the BBB and were effective in the treatment of rat brain tumours. However, drug distribution in brain tissue after crossing the BBB was never determined. To distinguish between the amounts of drug in the whole brain and the fraction of drug in the brain parenchyma after crossing the BBB a capillary depletion technique was employed. For this purpose rats were intravenously treated with a doxorubicin solution in 1% polysorbate 80, or doxorubicin-loaded poly-(n-butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticles without and with 1% polysorbate 80 coating, respectively. The dosage of doxorubicin was 5 mg per kg of rat body weight. At 30 min, 2 h, and 4 h following intravenous injection into the tail vein, the rats were sacrificed and their brains removed. Homogenates of the brains were prepared. In addition, one part of the homogenate was separated by centrifugation into a pellet (vascular elements) and supernatant (parenchyma) using a well established capillary depletion technique. The time-dependent distribution of doxorubicin in these brain fractions was studied. Clinically effective concentrations in all investigated brain fractions could only be detected in rats treated with surfactant-coated nanoparticles, indicating a significant transcytosis across the BBB. Only low concentrations were observed after 0.5 and 2 h with the uncoated nanoparticles. No uptake of doxorubicin into the brain was observable after administration of drug solution alone. These observations demonstrate the great potential of surface-coated PBCA nanoparticles for the delivery of drugs to the central nervous system. Doxorubicin concentration in different rat brain fractions 2 h after intravenous injection of 5 mg/kg doxorubicin solution, doxorubicin-loaded poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticles (NP), or doxorubicin-loaded PBCA-NP coated with polysorbate 80 (PS80).
    Keywords: Nanoparticles ; Capillary Depletion ; Drug Targeting ; Blood–Brain Barrier ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology
    ISSN: 0168-3659
    E-ISSN: 1873-4995
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 2011, Vol.415(1), pp.244-251
    Description: Glioblastomas belong to the most devastating cancer diseases. For this reason, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80 )-coated poly(isohexyl cyanoacrylate) (PIHCA) (Monorex ) nanoparticles loaded with doxorubicin were developed and tested for their use for the treatment of glioblastomas. The preparation of the nanoparticles resulted in spherical particles with high doxorubicin loading. The physico-chemical properties and the release of doxorubicin from the PIHCA-nanoparticles were analysed, and the influence on cell viability of the rat glioblastoma 101/8-cell line was investigated. In vitro, the empty nanoparticles did not show any toxicity, and the anti-cancer effects of the drug-loaded nanoparticles were increased in comparison to doxorubicin solution, represented by IC values. The in vivo efficacy was then tested in intracranially glioblastoma 101/8-bearing rats. Rats were treated with 3 × 1.5 mg/kg doxorubicin and were sacrificed 18 days after tumour transplantation. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses were carried out to assess the efficacy of the nanoparticles. Tumour size, proliferation activity, vessel density, necrotic areas, and expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein demonstrated that doxorubicin-loaded PIHCA-nanoparticles were much more efficient than the free drug. The results suggest that poly(isohexyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles hold great promise for the non-invasive therapy of human glioblastomas.
    Keywords: Doxorubicin ; Nanoparticles ; Poly(Isohexyl Cyanoacrylate) ; Glioblastoma ; Histology ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology
    ISSN: 0378-5173
    E-ISSN: 1873-3476
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Drug Targeting, 01 January 2006, Vol.14(2), pp.97-105
    Description: It was recently shown that doxorubicin (DOX) bound to polysorbate-coated nanoparticles (NP) crossed the intact blood-brain barrier (BBB), and thus reached therapeutic concentrations in the brain. Here, we investigated the biodistribution in...
    Keywords: Blood-Brain Barrier ; Glioblastoma ; Nanoparticles ; Doxorubicin ; Polysorbate 80 ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology
    ISSN: 1061-186X
    E-ISSN: 1029-2330
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Toxicology Letters, 2002, Vol.126(2), pp.131-141
    Description: Polysorbate 80-coated poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles (NP) were shown to enable the transport of a number of drugs including the anti-tumour antibiotic doxorubicin (DOX) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to the brain after intravenous administration and to considerably reduce the growth of brain tumours in rats. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the acute toxicity of DOX associated with polysorbate 80-coated NP in healthy rats and to establish a therapeutic dose range for this formulation in rats with intracranially implanted 101/8 glioblastoma. Single intravenous administration of empty poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) NP in the dose range 100-400 mg/kg did not cause mortality within the period of observation. NP also did not affect body weight or weight of internal organs. Association of DOX with poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) NP did not produce significant changes of quantitative parameters of acute toxicity of the anti-tumour agent. Likewise, the presence of polysorbate 80 in the formulations was not associated with changes in toxicity compared with free or nanoparticulate drug. Dose regimen of 3 x 1.5 mg/kg on days 2, 5, 8 after tumour implantation did not cause drug-induced mortality. The results in tumour-bearing rats were similar to those in healthy rats. These results demonstrate that the toxicity of DOX bound to NP was similar or even lower than that of free DOX.
    Keywords: Doxorubicin ; Glioblastoma ; Nanoparticles ; Poly(Butyl Cyanoacrylate) ; Polysorbate ; Toxicology ; Rats ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0378-4274
    E-ISSN: 1879-3169
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