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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2006, Vol.70(12), pp.2957-2969
    Description: Hydration of organic coatings in soils is expected to affect the sorption of oxyanions onto hydrous Fe and Al oxides. We hypothesized that the hydration of polygalacturonate (PGA) coatings on alumina (Al O ) increases their permeability for phosphate. Pure and PGA-coated alumina were equilibrated in deionized water for 2 and 170 h at pH 5 and 20 °C before studying (i) their porosity with N gas adsorption and H NMR relaxometry, (ii) structural changes of PGA-coatings with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and (iii) the kinetics of phosphate sorption and PGA desorption in batch experiments. Scanning electron micrographs revealed that PGA molecules formed three-dimensional networks with pores ranging in size from 〈10 to several hundred nanometers. Our NMR results showed that the water content of intraparticle alumina pores decreased upon PGA sorption, indicating a displacement of pore water by PGA. The amount of water in interparticle alumina pores increased strongly after PGA addition, however, and was attributed to water in pores of PGA and/or in pores at the PGA-alumina interface. The flexibility of PGA molecules and the fraction of a PGA gel phase increased within one week of hydration, implying restructuring of PGA. Hydration of PGA coatings increased the amount of phosphate defined as instantaneously sorbed by 84%, showing that restructuring of PGA enhanced the accessibility of phosphate to external alumina surfaces. Despite the fact that the efficacy of phosphate to displace PGA was higher after 170 h than after 2 h, a higher phosphate surface loading was required after 170 h to set off PGA desorption. Our findings imply that the number of PGA chain segments directly attached to the alumina surface decreased with time. We conclude that hydration/dehydration of polymeric surface coatings affects the sorption kinetics of oxyanions, and may thus control the sorption and transport of solutes in soils.
    Keywords: Geology
    ISSN: 0016-7037
    E-ISSN: 1872-9533
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Soil Science Society of America Journal, Sept-Oct, 2006, Vol.70(5), p.1547(9)
    Description: Organic coatings on Fe oxides can decrease the accessibility of intraparticle pores for oxyanions like phosphate. We hypothesized that the slow sorption of phosphate to goethite coated with polygalacturonate (PGA) is controlled by the accessibility of external goethite surfaces to phosphate rather than by diffusion of phosphate into micropores ([empty set] 〈 2 nm). We studied the phosphate sorption kinetics of pure and PGA-coated goethites that differed in their microporosity ([N.sub.2] at 77 K, 46 vs. 31 [mm.sup.3] [g.sup.-1]). Because drying may affect the structure or surface coverage of PGA, we also tested the effect of freeze-drying on the slow phosphate sorption. The samples were examined by gas adsorption ([N.sub.2], C[O.sub.2]) and electrophoretic mobility measurements. Phosphate sorption and PGA-C desorption were studied in batch experiments for 3 wk at pH 5. In PGA-coated samples, the slow phosphate sorption was independent of micropore volume. Phosphate displaced on average 57% of PGA-C within 3 wk. Similar to phosphate sorption, the PGA-C desorption comprised a rapid initial desorption, which was followed by a slow C desorption. Sorption competition between phosphate and presorbed PGA depended on the 〈10-nm porosity and the C loading of the adsorbent. The efficacy of phosphate to desorb PGA generally increased after freeze-drying. We conclude for PGA-coated goethites that (i) freeze-drying biased the slow phosphate sorption by changing the structure/surface coverage of PGA, and (ii) within the time frame studied, micropores did not limit the rate of the slow phosphate sorption. Rather, the slow, gradual desorption of PGA and/or the diffusion of phosphate through PGA coatings controlled the slow phosphate sorption to PGA-coated goethite.
    Keywords: Mineralogical Research -- Analysis ; Phosphates -- Research ; Sorption -- Research
    ISSN: 0361-5995
    E-ISSN: 14350661
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