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  • Psychology
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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Health Psychology, 2005, Vol.24(3), pp.252-257
    Description: The main objective of this study was to examine day-to-day associations of coitus, sexual interest, partner emotional support, negative mood, and positive mood among adolescent women. Diaries assessed partner interactions, sexual activity, substance use, and mood. Participants were 146 adolescent women who provided 28,376 diary days. Correlates of coitus on a given day included age, increased coital frequency in previous week, coitus on the previous day, partner support, increased same-day sexual interest, and decreased same-day negative mood. The data demonstrate complex associations of sexual interest, mood, partner interactions, and sexual activity. The findings extend understanding of the sexuality of adolescent women and have implications for a variety of interventions to reduce sexually transmitted infections and unplanned pregnancies.
    Keywords: Adolescents ; Sexual Behavior ; Sexuality ; Mood
    ISSN: 0278-6133
    E-ISSN: 1930-7810
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of Sex Research, 01 February 2000, Vol.37(1), pp.69-75
    Description: This study describes associations of partner-specific relationship characteristics with consistent condom use among 297 young people (ages 13-24) with sexually transmitted diseases (STD). Relationship-specific variables were relationship quality, reasons for sex, relationship duration, duration...
    Keywords: Medicine ; Sociology & Social History ; Women'S Studies ; Psychology
    ISSN: 0022-4499
    E-ISSN: 1559-8519
    Source: Taylor & Francis Medical Library
    Source: Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of Sex Research, 1 February 2000, Vol.37(1), pp.69-75
    Description: This study describes associations of partner-specific relationship characteristics with consistent condom use among 297 young people (ages 13-24) with sexually transmitted diseases (STD). Relationship-specific variables were relationship quality, reasons for sex, relationship duration, duration of sexual relationship, coital frequency, "established" versus "new" sexual partner, cohabitation, children, sexual coercion, and drug or alcohol use associated with coitus. Relationship characteristics associated with consistent condom use included lower relationship quality, lower emotional reasons for sex, lower coital frequency, sex with a new partner, noncohabitation, and not having a child with the partner. Controlling for sociodemographic variables, factors exhibiting independent associations with consistent condom use were lower relationship quality, lower coital frequency, and not having a child with the partner. While condom use with potentially high risk new partners is important, other types of relationships are also risky but associated with lower likelihood of consistent condom use. Better understanding of complex relationship characteristics is necessary to improve STD intervention programs.
    Keywords: Medicine ; Sociology & Social History ; Women'S Studies ; Psychology;
    ISSN: 00224499
    E-ISSN: 15598519
    Source: Archival Journals (JSTOR)
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Psychological Reports, December 1985, Vol.57(3), pp.699-706
    Description: The Type A behavior pattern was noted less frequently in a group of 60 patients with rheumatoid arthritis than was expected based on standardized norms for the Jenkins Activity Survey. Patients manifesting Type A behavior with respect to factors of Speed and Impatience and Job Involvement tended to have better physical status than those exhibiting Type B behavior. These aspects of the Type A behavior pattern may be associated with good physical health in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
    Keywords: Psychology
    ISSN: 0033-2941
    E-ISSN: 1558-691X
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of Pediatrics, 1992, Vol.120(2), pp.311-317
    Description: A health belief model of condom use was used to identify factors associated with condom use in 390 sexually active female adolescents, aged 12 through 19 years, recruited at the time of a visit for reproductive health care. Fifty-six percent were white and the remainder black. Nineteen percent had genitourinary infections with . Forty-six percent reported having had more than one sexual partner in the preceding year. Reported condom use for at least one specific reason (prevention of pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) increased as behavioral, emotional, and sexually transmitted disease risk decreased, and as cognitive maturity and positive condom attitudes increased. Although uses of condoms to prevent pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease, and acquired immunode-ficiency syndrome were positively intercorrelated, each made a contribution to explaining condom use at most recent coitus (odds ratios 2.95, 3.96, and 2.81, respectively). After statistical adjustment for the reported reasons for previous condom use, behavioral risk was the only additional factor associated with condom use at the most recent sexual encounter; women who participated in more risk behaviors (substance and alcohol use and minor delinquency) were less likely to have used a condom (odds ratio 0.61). Knowledge about sexually transmitted disease and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and concurrent use of contraceptive pills, were not related to condom practices. The data suggest that adolescents' perceptions about condoms, including the individual functions of condoms for contraception and for prevention of sexually transmitted disease, may be important in determining their use. Engaging in unprotected intercourse may be part of a larger behavioral domain that includes other unhealthy behaviors.
    Keywords: Medicine
    ISSN: 0022-3476
    E-ISSN: 1097-6833
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Psychological Reports, October 1995, Vol.77(2), pp.383-386
    Description: The purpose of the research was to identify differences in scores on Machiavellianism between nursing faculty and students. Measurement of Machiavellianism was on the Mach V Scale completed by 33 nursing faculty, 47 RN students completing the nursing baccalaureate, and 58 senior generic students in one baccalaureate nursing program. Each subject received a research packet coded for retrieval of the nonrespondents and reducing selection bias associated with large nonresponse. Analysis showed no significant difference between groups and none related to education, age, clinical specialty, or for (faculty and student) groups.
    Keywords: Psychology
    ISSN: 0033-2941
    E-ISSN: 1558-691X
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Psychological Reports, April 1997, Vol.80(2), pp.456-458
    Description: 51 self-reported scores on the Mach V Scale and 56 scores on Physicians' Reactions to Uncertainty Constructs from surgical residents in three different specialties (30 general, 14 orthopedics, 9 urology, and 3 other) showed no significant difference between means on the two measures.
    Keywords: Psychology
    ISSN: 0033-2941
    E-ISSN: 1558-691X
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Psychological Reports, June 1996, Vol.78(3), pp.888-890
    Description: For self-reports by 21 psychiatric residents on measures of Machiavellianism and Uncertainty no significant difference was noted by year in residency program, education, age, or gender.
    Keywords: Psychology
    ISSN: 0033-2941
    E-ISSN: 1558-691X
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004, Vol.72(2), pp.227-234
    Description: Retention in outpatient drug-free treatment is poor, with many clients terminating prior to receiving therapeutic benefit. This randomized clinical trial compared the impact on retention and drug use of an individual role induction session conducted at intake with the standard group orientation offered at the clinic. Results of interim analyses indicated that participants assigned to role induction ( n = 180) were retained for more days, more likely to attend at least one postorientation session, and more satisfied with the treatment program than were those assigned to standard treatment ( n = 87). Preliminary results suggest that role induction is a brief technique that shows promise for retaining clients through the critical first 3 months of treatment.
    Keywords: Adult ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Professional Role ; Remission Induction ; Self Efficacy ; Substance-Related Disorders ; Drug Usage ; Outpatients ; Treatment Compliance ; Treatment Termination ; Substance Use Treatment ; Drug & Alcohol Rehabilitation ; Participant Retention ; Outpatient Drug-Free Treatment ; Drug Use ; Intake Role Induction Session ; Empirical Study ; Quantitative Study ; Human ; Male ; Female ; Outpatient ; Adulthood (18 Yrs & Older) ; Us ; Article;
    ISSN: 0022-006X
    E-ISSN: 1939-2117
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Psychological Reports, June 1995, Vol.76(3), pp.803-807
    Description: Medical career choices and Machiavellianism of 36 junior and 37 senior medical students at one private midwestern medical school were studied. Machiavellianism was measured by the Mach V Scale. Students choosing psychiatry did not score significantly higher on Machiavellianism than those choosing medicine, surgery, or other clinical medical specialties. This is contrary to previous research which indicated those medical students choosing psychiatry scored higher on Machiavellianism. There were no significant differences in Machiavellianism scores from two different age groups (20–30 yr. and 31–40 yr.). No significant differences were reported in Machiavellianism scores of 45 male and 29 female medical students or between junior and senior medical students.
    Keywords: Psychology
    ISSN: 0033-2941
    E-ISSN: 1558-691X
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