Immunobiology, August 2011, Vol.216(8), pp.909-917
Hyper-immunoglobulin E recurrent infection syndromes (HIES) have distinct features, with identified associated mutations of STAT3, TYK2, and DOCK8. Among 197 Taiwanese patients with primary immunodeficiency on a referral-base of over 23 million inhabitants, STAT3 (R382W and Q469R) and DOCK8 mutations (exon 1–9 deletion) were identified in two patients each from six AD-HIES and five AR-HIES patients, respectively. Aside from decreased Th17 and memory B cells, characteristic facies and pneumatocele were not mutually exclusive regardless of STAT3 and DOCK8 mutations. One with novel DOCK8 deletion had notable cytomegalovirus retinitis, cerebral vasculitis, lead deposition, and amenorrhea. In adolescence, three AD-HIES patients without STAT3 mutation died of myocardial infarction, staphylococcus sepsis, and proteus sepsis while receiving chemotherapy for lymphoma. Close follow-up of the HIES phenotype rather than identifying genetic mutations should be the cornerstone of intervention at this juncture because of relatively lower percentage of identifying mutations in Taiwanese HIES (4/11; 36.5%).
Hyper Ige Recurrent Infection Syndromes (Hies) ; Stat3 ; Tyk2 ; Dock8 ; Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases (Pids) ; Taiwan ; Chinese ; Biology
View record in ScienceDirect (Access to full text may be restricted)