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  • 1
    In: Water Resources Research, February 2014, Vol.50(2), pp.1337-1356
    Description: Interactions between the soil, the vegetation, and the atmospheric boundary layer require close attention when predicting water fluxes in the hydrogeosystem, agricultural systems, weather, and climate. However, land‐surface schemes used in large‐scale models continue to show deficiencies in consistently simulating fluxes of water and energy from the subsurface through vegetation layers to the atmosphere. In this study, the multiphysics version of the Noah land‐surface model (Noah‐MP) was used to identify the processes, which are most crucial for a simultaneous simulation of water and heat fluxes between land surface and the lower atmosphere. Comprehensive field data sets of latent and sensible heat fluxes, ground heat flux, soil moisture, and leaf area index from two contrasting field sites in South‐West Germany are used to assess the accuracy of simulations. It is shown that an adequate representation of vegetation‐related processes is the most important control for a consistent simulation of energy and water fluxes in the soil‐plant‐atmosphere system. In particular, using a newly implemented submodule to simulate root growth dynamics has enhanced the performance of Noah‐MP. We conclude that further advances in the representation of leaf area dynamics and root/soil moisture interactions are the most promising starting points for improving the simulation of feedbacks between the subsoil, land surface and atmosphere in fully coupled hydrological and atmospheric models. Selecting different model options strongly influences accuracy of simulations The ensemble size can be reduced by constraining Noah‐MP to different data types Considering dynamics of root growth results in more accurate simulations
    Keywords: Land‐Surface Model ; Structural Uncertainty ; Root Water Uptake ; Latent And Sensible Heat ; Ground Heat Flux ; Soil Moisture
    ISSN: 0043-1397
    E-ISSN: 1944-7973
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