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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: FEBS Letters, 03 April 2007, Vol.581(7), pp.1317-1322
    Description: Treatment of transformed cells from leukemia or solid tumors with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) was shown to increase their sensitivity to NK cell lysis. In this study, treatment of IL-2-activated NK cells with HDACi including suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid and valproic acid was studied. Both drugs at therapeutic concentrations inhibited NK cell cytotoxicity on human leukemic cells. This inhibition was associated with decreased expression and function of NK cell activating receptors NKp46 and NKp30 as well as impaired granule exocytosis. NFκB activation in IL-2-activated NK cells was inhibited by both HDACi. Pharmacologic inhibition of NFκB activity resulted in similar effects on NK cell activity like those observed for HDACi. These results demonstrate for the first time that HDACi prevent NK cytotoxicity by downregulation of NK cell activating receptors probably through the inhibition of NFκB activation.
    Keywords: Cytotoxicity ; Nk Cells ; Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors ; Nk Cell Activating and Inhibitory Receptors ; Nuclear Factor Kappa B ; Biology ; Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0014-5793
    E-ISSN: 1873-3468
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Biochemical Pharmacology, 2004, Vol.68(3), pp.531-538
    Description: Valproic acid (2-propylpentanoic acid, VPA), an effective inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDAC) is used for the treatment of epilepsia. In this study, structure–activity relationships for the action of structurally modified VPA derivatives on human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication and HDAC inhibition were defined. Pretreatment of human foreskin fibroblasts with VPA (0.125–1 mM) caused a concentration-dependent increase of HCMV immediate early and antigen late antigen expression. Structure–activity relationships of VPA derivatives for HCMV stimulation were compared to those for teratogenic action and those for HDAC inhibition. Side chain elongation and introduction of a triple bond in 4-position of the other chain caused teratogenicity, stimulated HCMV replication, and increased HDAC inhibition, as demonstrated by enhanced levels of acetylated histones. Teratogenic VPA derivatives with a branched chain in 3-position as well as a non-teratogenic anticonvulsive active VPA derivative did not stimulate HCMV or accumulation of acetylated histones. This demonstrates a strict correlation between inhibition of HDAC and increased HCMV replication.
    Keywords: Valproic Acid ; Human Cytomegalovirus ; Histone Deacetylases ; Teratogenicity ; Structure–Activity Relationship ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0006-2952
    E-ISSN: 1873-2968
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Leukemia Research, 2006, Vol.30(9), pp.1167-1175
    Description: The anti-epileptic drug valproic acid harbors anti-tumoral activity in solid and leukemic tumor cell models and is currently evaluated in clinical trials. However, the plasma trough concentrations obtained in patients by common anti-epileptic dose regimens are below concentrations required for exerting anti-tumor effects in vitro. Here, we describe the identification of three novel valproic acid derivatives with superior differentiation-inducing and anti-proliferative activities in K562 bcr/abl-positive chronic myeloid leukemia cells and HL60 promyelocytic leukemia cells at achievable therapeutic VPA concentrations. These compounds reveal potent inhibition of histone deacetylase activity, induction of p21 expression as well as low toxicity on CD34 bone marrow cells.
    Keywords: Vpa ; Differentiation ; Hdac ; Leukemia ; K562 ; Hl60 ; P21 Cip/Waf ; Medicine
    ISSN: 0145-2126
    E-ISSN: 1873-5835
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: International Immunopharmacology, 2005, Vol.5(4), pp.757-769
    Description: Polysialic acid (PSA) is a dynamically regulated carbohydrate modification of the neural cell adhesion molecule NCAM, which has been linked to cancer development and dissemination. Two enzymes, the polysialyltransferases ST8SiaIV and ST8SiaII, are known to be involved in the polysialylation of NCAM. The antiepileptic drug valproic acid (VPA) is associated with anti-cancer activity. In this study, VPA blocked the adhesion of several neuroectodermal tumor cell lines to human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Furthermore, VPA induced intracellular PSA accumulation and enhanced expression of PSA-NCAM on the cell surface. Using a semiquantitative RT-PCR strategy, VPA was shown to up-regulate ST8SiaIV mRNA, whereas ST8SiaII mRNA was down-regulated by this compound. Our data indicate that increased expression of ST8SiaIV enables accelerated polysialylation of NCAM, which might be coupled to a loss of adhesive functions of tumor cells.
    Keywords: Valproic Acid ; PSA-Ncam ; St8siaiv ; St8siaii ; Tumor Dissemination ; Biology ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology
    ISSN: 1567-5769
    E-ISSN: 1878-1705
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