Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Medicinal Research Reviews, September 2002, Vol.22(5), pp.492-511
    Description: Valproic acid (VPA, 2‐propylpentanoic acid) is an established drug in the long‐term therapy of epilepsy. During the past years, it has become evident that VPA is also associated with anti‐cancer activity. VPA not only suppresses tumor growth and metastasis, but also induces tumor differentiation in vitro and in vivo. Several modes of action might be relevant for the biological activity of VPA: (1) VPA increases the DNA binding of activating protein‐1 (AP‐1) transcription factor, and the expression of genes regulated by the extracellular‐regulated kinase (ERK)‐AP‐1 pathway; (2) VPA downregulates protein kinase C (PKC) activity; (3) VPA inhibits glycogen synthase kinase‐3β (GSK‐3β), a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway; (4) VPA activates the peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptors PPARγ and †; (5) VPA blocks HDAC (histone deacetylase), causing hyperacetylation. The findings elucidate an important role of VPA for cancer therapy. VPA might also be useful as low toxicity agent given over long time periods for chemoprevention and/or for control of residual minimal disease. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Med Res Rev, 22, No. 5, 492–511, 2002; Published online in Wiley InterScience (). DOI 10.1002/med.10017
    Keywords: Valproic Acid ; Tumor Differentiation ; Tumor Growth ; Signaling Cascade
    ISSN: 0198-6325
    E-ISSN: 1098-1128
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: FEBS Letters, 03 April 2007, Vol.581(7), pp.1317-1322
    Description: Treatment of transformed cells from leukemia or solid tumors with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) was shown to increase their sensitivity to NK cell lysis. In this study, treatment of IL-2-activated NK cells with HDACi including suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid and valproic acid was studied. Both drugs at therapeutic concentrations inhibited NK cell cytotoxicity on human leukemic cells. This inhibition was associated with decreased expression and function of NK cell activating receptors NKp46 and NKp30 as well as impaired granule exocytosis. NFκB activation in IL-2-activated NK cells was inhibited by both HDACi. Pharmacologic inhibition of NFκB activity resulted in similar effects on NK cell activity like those observed for HDACi. These results demonstrate for the first time that HDACi prevent NK cytotoxicity by downregulation of NK cell activating receptors probably through the inhibition of NFκB activation.
    Keywords: Cytotoxicity ; Nk Cells ; Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors ; Nk Cell Activating and Inhibitory Receptors ; Nuclear Factor Kappa B ; Biology ; Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0014-5793
    E-ISSN: 1873-3468
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Medicinal Research Reviews, July 2005, Vol.25(4), pp.383-397
    Description: The short chain fatty acid valproic acid (VPA) and VPA‐analogs modulate the biology of diverse tumor cell entities by inducing differentiation, inhibiting proliferation, increasing apoptosis, and immunogenicity and by decreasing metastatic and angiogenetic potential. This review updates an earlier one in 2002, reflecting the interest in VPA as a potent anticancer drug. A number of studies show that the types of known tumor cells susceptible to VPA is steadily increasing. Of special note is the strong antineoplastic activity of VPA in chemoresistant cancer cells. A novel and promising approach is combining VPA with other drugs to achieve a broad therapeutic index. Clinical studies are underway and the preliminary results indicate that VPA alone or in combination offers a promising avenue of treatment, both in solid and hematopoetic malignancies. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Keywords: Valproic Acid ; Hdac ; Differentiation ; Angiogenesis ; Combination Therapy ; Clinical Studies
    ISSN: 0198-6325
    E-ISSN: 1098-1128
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