Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference, 2010, Vol.2010, pp.4695-8
In this paper, we address dynamic clustering in high dimensional data or feature spaces as an optimization problem where multi-dimensional particle swarm optimization (MD PSO) is used to find out the true number of clusters, while fractional global best formation (FGBF) is applied to avoid local optima. Based on these techniques we then present a novel and personalized long-term ECG classification system, which addresses the problem of labeling the beats within a long-term ECG signal, known as Holter register, recorded from an individual patient. Due to the massive amount of ECG beats in a Holter register, visual inspection is quite difficult and cumbersome, if not impossible. Therefore the proposed system helps professionals to quickly and accurately diagnose any latent heart disease by examining only the representative beats (the so called master key-beats) each of which is representing a cluster of homogeneous (similar) beats. We tested the system on a benchmark database where the beats of each Holter register have been manually labeled by cardiologists. The selection of the right master key-beats is the key factor for achieving a highly accurate classification and the proposed systematic approach produced results that were consistent with the manual labels with 99.5% average accuracy, which basically shows the efficiency of the system.
Algorithms ; Cluster Analysis ; Expert Systems ; Arrhythmias, Cardiac -- Diagnosis ; Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted -- Methods ; Electrocardiography, Ambulatory -- Methods ; Pattern Recognition, Automated -- Methods
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