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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Microbial Pathogenesis, 2006, Vol.40(3), pp.110-115
    Description: express two porin proteins, termed OmpP2A and OmpP2B. To test whether expression of OmpP2A and OmpP2B was necessary for virulence in humans, eight volunteers were experimentally infected with the parent (35000HP) in one arm and a double OmpP2A OmpP2B mutant (35000HP::P2AB) in the other arm. The pustule formation rates were 58.3% (95% CI, 33.2–83.5%) for the parent and 41.7% (95% CI, 19.3–64.0%) for the mutant ( =0.25). Biopsy of 35000HP and 35000HP::P2AB-infected sites yielded similar amounts of bacteria in quantitative culture. These results indicate that expression of OmpP2A and OmpP2B is not necessary to initiate disease or to progress to pustule formation in humans.
    Keywords: Pustule Formation ; Haemophilus Ducreyi ; Porin Proteins ; Uirulence ; Human Challenge Model ; Biology ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0882-4010
    E-ISSN: 1096-1208
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Microbial Pathogenesis, 1994, Vol.16(3), pp.243-247
    Description: Haemophilus ducreyi, Moraxella catarrhalis and a non-piliated Escherichia coli K-12 strain were studied for their ability to bind to human keratinocytes in vitro. Epidermal cells isolated from neonatal foreskins were grown to confluence in serum-free keratinocyte media. Probing of the monolayers with anti-cytokeratin antibody showed that 97% of cells were keratinocytes. Bacteria were grown to mid-log phase and seeded onto the monolayers. At various time-points monolayers were washed with PBS to remove non-adherent bacteria, and the monolayers were quantitatively cultured. After 120 min, 15 to 23% of the H. ducreyi inocula bound to the monolayer, while less than 1% of the M. catarrhalis or E. coli controls bound. Wet mounts of fixed monolayers observed with differential interference contrast microscopy confirmed the quantitative data. We conclude that H. ducreyi binds to keratinocytes and that this process may play a role in the initiation of chancroid.
    Keywords: Haemophilus Ducreyi; Adherence; Keratinocytes ; Biology ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0882-4010
    E-ISSN: 1096-1208
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Microbial Pathogenesis, 1990, Vol.9(6), pp.417-426
    Description: Twelve strains of Haemophilus ducreyi isolated primarily from chancroid outbreaks in North America were examined for the presence of pili by transmission electron microscopy. We identified piliated cells in 10 of the 12 strains. Pilin extracts were prepared from the mechanically sheared cells of the 12 H. ducreyi strains as well as the stably piliated H. influenzae strain R890 and its non-piliated parent R906. Pili were present in 12 out of 12 H. ducreyi extracts and in the R890 extract but not in the R906 preparation. Pili were purified by cycles of differential pH solubilization and crystalization. In SDS-PAGE, the preparation consisted predominantly of a protein whose apparent relative molecular mass was 24000 (24 k), and an electron micrograph showed that the preparation contained pili. Three H. ducreyi strains were passed 52 times on agar plates, and extracts prepared from these strains contained pili. There was no evidence of binding of erythrocytes obtained from nine mammalian and avian species to colonies of one of the stably piliated H. ducreyi strains. We conclude that H. ducreyi expressed pili, that the relative molecular mass of the pilin monomer was 24 k, that pilus expression was not readily lost in passage and that H. ducreyi pili may not bind to an erythrocyte receptor.
    Keywords: Haemophilus Ducreyi ; Pili ; Fimbriae ; Biology ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0882-4010
    E-ISSN: 1096-1208
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Microbial Pathogenesis, 1990, Vol.8(5), pp.353-362
    Description: The non-enteric Gram-negative human pathogens, B. catarrhalis, H. ducreyi , H. influenzae , N. gonorrhoeae and N. meningitidis , do not have repeating O-antigens as part of their principle surface glycolipid, the lipooligosaccharide (LOS). Because they have similar LOS structures, we studied the conservation of LOS oligosaccharide epitopes among these organisms. Twentyone monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) generated by immunizing mice with H. influenzae, N. gonorrhoeae and N. meningitidis were studied for cross reactivity. Five mAbs generated against non-typable H. influenzae were the only strain-specific antibodies. Ten mAbs reacted to LOS epitope(s) common to a genera or species, and six mAbs bound to epitope(s) on the LOS of strains from different genera. Some cross reactive mAbs bound to LOS bands of similar molecular weights, while others bound to bands of varying molecular weights. mAb 3F11, whose epitope mimics a human blood-group antigen, bound to a 4.8 kDa LOS band in N. gonorrhoeae and H. ducreyi , two pathogens that infect genital epithelium. mAb 3D9, whose epitope consists of 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid (KDO), reacted with different LOS bands in N. gonorrhoeae , H. influenzae and some R mutants of S. minnesota . A 14 kb restriction fragment containing lipooligosaccharide synthesis genes responsible for the assembly of the 3D9 epitope in H. influenzae hybridized to all H. influenzae strains tested but did not hybridize to gonococcal and S. minnesota strains that expressed this epitope. These studies demonstrate that conserved LOS epitope(s) exist among different species and genera of non-enteric human pathogens and that different genetic mechanisms may have evolved in these pathogens to assemble some of these conserved epitopes.
    Keywords: Lipooligosaccharides ; Epitopes ; Haemophilus ; Neisseria ; Branhamella ; Biology ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0882-4010
    E-ISSN: 1096-1208
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Microbial Pathogenesis, February 1999, Vol.26(2), pp.93-102
    Description: A bactericidal assay was developed in order to test the effect of hyperimmune rabbit sera on the viability of serum-resistant Haemophilus ducreyi 35000HP. Testing of several lots of rabbit complement and time course experiments showed that the serum-sensitive H. ducreyi CIPA77 was killed efficiently by 25% complement at 35°C in 3 h. We hypothesized that incubation of 35000HP under these conditions with the appropriate bactericidal antibody would kill this strain. A panel of high titre rabbit antisera was developed and tested against 35000HP. The panel included antisera raised to whole cells, total membranes, Sarkosyl-insoluble outer membrane proteins, the H. ducreyi lipoprotein, and the peptidoglycan-associated lipoprotein. None of the antisera convincingly showed bactericidal activity. The bactericidal assay was also used to determine the effect of normal human serum (NHS) on isogenic mutants of 35000HP. 35000HP-RSM2, an kan insertion mutant that expresses a truncated lipooligosaccharide, was as resistant to NHS as its parent. A mutant deficient in expression of the major outer membrane protein (35000.60) was sensitive to NHS. We conclude that 35000HP is relatively resistant to normal and hyperimmune sera, and that the major outer membrane protein contributes to this resistance. Copyright 1999 Academic Press
    Keywords: Haemophilus Ducreyi, Bactericidal Activity, Chancroid ; Biology ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0882-4010
    E-ISSN: 1096-1208
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