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  • 1
    Book
    Book
    New York : New York University Press
    UID:
    b3kat_BV044748837
    Format: xv, 229 Seiten , Illustrationen , 23 cm
    ISBN: 9781479849949 , 9781479837243
    Content: In Algorithms of Oppression, Safiya Umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities. Data discrimination is a real social problem; Noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, specifically women of color. Through an analysis of textual and media searches as well as extensive research on paid online advertising, Noble exposes a culture of racism and sexism in the way discoverability is created online. As search engines and their related companies grow in importance—operating as a source for email, a major vehicle for primary and secondary school learning, and beyond—understanding and reversing these disquieting trends and discriminatory practices is of utmost importance. An original, surprising and, at times, disturbing account of bias on the internet, Algorithms of Oppression contributes to our understanding of how racism is created, maintained, and disseminated in the 21st century. Quelle/Source: Klappentext
    Note: Dissertation California State University
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Online-Ausgabe ISBN 978-1-4798-6676-2
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Online-Ausgabe ISBN 978-1-4798-3364-1
    Language: English
    Subjects: Computer Science , Ethnology , General works , Sociology
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    Keywords: Internet ; Suchmaschine ; Algorithmus ; Diskriminierung ; Rassismus ; Hochschulschrift
    Author information: Noble, Safiya Umoja
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New York, NY : New York University Press
    UID:
    b3kat_BV046761456
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource , Illustrationen
    ISBN: 9781479833641
    Content: A revealing look at how negative biases against women of color are embedded in search engine results and algorithms Run a Google search for "black girls"—what will you find? "Big Booty" and other sexually explicit terms are likely to come up as top search terms. But, if you type in "white girls," the results are radically different. The suggested porn sites and un-moderated discussions about "why black women are so sassy" or "why black women are so angry" presents a disturbing portrait of black womanhood in modern society.In Algorithms of Oppression, Safiya Umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities. Data discrimination is a real social problem; Noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, specifically women of color.Through an analysis of textual and media searches as well as extensive research on paid online advertising, Noble exposes a culture of racism and sexism in the way discoverability is created online. As search engines and their related companies grow in importance—operating as a source for email, a major vehicle for primary and secondary school learning, and beyond—understanding and reversing these disquieting trends and discriminatory practices is of utmost importance.An original, surprising and, at times, disturbing account of bias on the internet, Algorithms of Oppression contributes to our understanding of how racism is created, maintained, and disseminated in the 21st century
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Druck-Ausgabe, Hardcover ISBN 978-1-4798-4994-9
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Druck-Ausgabe, Paperback ISBN 978-1-4798-3724-3
    Language: English
    Subjects: Computer Science , Ethnology , General works , Sociology
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    Keywords: Internet ; Suchmaschine ; Algorithmus ; Diskriminierung ; Rassismus ; Hochschulschrift
    URL: Volltext  (URL des Erstveröffentlichers)
    URL: Volltext  (lizenzpflichtig)
    Author information: Noble, Safiya Umoja
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    London : Bloomsbury Academic | London : Bloomsbury Publishing (UK)
    UID:
    gbv_1877047570
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (608 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed
    ISBN: 9781350268937
    Content: The Bloomsbury Guide to Philosophy of Disability is a revolutionary collection encompassing the most innovative and insurgent work in philosophy of disability. Edited and anthologized by disabled philosopher Shelley Lynn Tremain, this book challenges how disability has historically been represented and understood in philosophy: it critically undermines the detrimental assumptions that various subfields of philosophy produce; resists the institutionalized ableism of academia to which these assumptions contribute; and boldly articulates new anti-ableist, anti-sexist, anti-racist, queer, anti-capitalist, anti-carceral, and decolonial insights and perspectives that counter these assumptions. This rebellious and groundbreaking book's chapters-most of which have been written by disabled philosophers-are wide-ranging in scope and invite a broad readership. The chapters underscore the eugenic impetus at the heart of bioethics; talk back to the whiteness of work on philosophy and disability with which philosophy of disability is often conflated; and elaborate phenomenological, poststructuralist, and materialist approaches to a variety of phenomena. Topics addressed in the book include: ableism and speciesism; disability, race, and algorithms; race, disability, and reproductive technologies; disability and music; disabled and trans identities and emotions; the apparatus of addiction; and disability, race, and risk. With cutting-edge analyses and engaging prose, the authors of this guide contest the assumptions of Western disability studies through the lens of African philosophy of disability and the developing framework of crip Filipino philosophy; articulate the political and conceptual limits of common constructions of inclusion and accessibility; and foreground the practices of epistemic injustice that neurominoritized people routinely confront in philosophy and society more broadly. A crucial guide to oppositional thinking from an international, intersectional, and inclusive collection of philosophers, this book will advance the emerging field of philosophy of disability and serve as an antidote to the historical exclusion of disabled philosophers from the discipline and profession of philosophy. The Bloomsbury Guide to Philosophy of Disability is essential reading for faculty and students in philosophy, disability studies, political theory, Africana studies, Latinx studies, women's and gender studies, LGBTQ studies, and cultural studies, as well as activists, cultural workers, policymakers, and everyone else concerned with matters of social justice. Description of the book's cover: The book's title appears on two lines across the top of the cover which is a salmon tone. The names of the editor and the author of the foreword appear in white letters at the bottom of the book. The publisher's name is printed along the right side in white letters. At the centre, a vertical white rectangle is the background for a sculpture by fibre artist Judith Scott. The sculpture combines layers of shiny yarn in various colours including orange, pink, brown, and rust woven vertically on a large cylinder and horizontally around a smaller cylinder, as well as blue yarn woven around a protruding piece at the bottom of the sculpture. The sculpture seems to represent a body and head of a being sitting down, a being with one appendage, a fat person, or a little person
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index , Foreword, Lori Gruen (Wesleyan University, USA) Acknowledgements INTRODUCTION: New Movement in Philosophy: Philosophy of Disability, Shelley Lynn Tremain (Coordinator of BIOPOLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, Canada) Part I: Desegregating The Disciplines 1. Disaster Ableism, Epistemologies of Crisis, and the Mystique of Bioethics, Shelley Lynn Tremain (Coordinator of BIOPOLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, Canada) 2. Would you Kill the Fat Man Hypothetical? Fat Stigma in Philosophy, Kristin Rodier (Athabasca University, Canada) and Samantha Brennan (University of Guelph, Canada) 3. Pruriently Feared: Theoretical Erasure of the Disabled Black Male, Tommy J. Curry (University of Edinburgh, UK) 4. Disability, Dissonance, and Resistance: A Musical Dialogue, Licia Carlson (Providence College, USA) 5. Neurodiversity, Anti-Psychiatry, and the Politics of Mental Health, Robert Chapman (Durham University, UK) 6. Disability and African Philosophy, Julie E. Maybee (Lehman College, CUNY, USA) Part II: Mechanisms of Oppression 7. The Apparatus of Addiction: Substance Use at the Crossroads of Colonial Ableism and Migration, Andrea J. Pitts (University of Buffalo, USA) 8. Disability, Ableism, Class, and Chronic Fatigue, Mich Ciurria (University of Missouri at St. Louis, USA) 9. Algorithms as Ableist Orientation Devices: The Technosocial Inheritance of Colonialism and Ableism, Johnathan Flowers (California State University, Northridge, USA) 10. The Art of Kinship: An Intersectional Reading of Assisted Reproductive Practices, Desiree Valentine (Marquette University, USA) 11. Epistemic Injustice and Epistemic Authority on Autism, Amandine Catala (Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada) Part III: Phenomenologies of Access and Exclusion 12. Disability, Access, and the Promise of Inclusion: Returning to Institutional Language through a Phenomenological Lens, Corinne Lajoie (The Pennsylvania State University, USA) 13. Stuttering and Ableism: A Study of Eventfulness, Joshua St. Pierre (University of Alberta, Canada) 14. Frantz Fanon and Disability: Frictions and Solidarities, Emily R. Douglas (Athabasca University, Canada) 15. Exemption, Self-exemption, and Compassionate Self-excuse, Sofia Jeppsson (Umeå Universitet, Sweden) 16. Pathologizing Disabled and Trans Identities: How Emotions Become Marginalized, Gen Eickers (Universität Bayreuth, Germany) Part IV: Disabling Normativities 17. A Crip Reading of Filipino Philosophy, Élaina Gauthier-Mamaril (University of Edinburgh, UK) 18. Recognizing Human Flourishing in the Context of Disability, Jordan Joseph Wadden (The University of British Columbia, Canada) and Tim Stainton (The University of British Columbia, Canada) 19. Neurodiversity and the Ethics of Access, August Gorman (Oakland University, USA) 20. The Ethics of Disability Passing and Uncovering in the Philosophy Classroom, Joseph A. Stramondo (San Diego State University, USA) 21. Inclusive Ethics: A Precautionary Principle, Stephanie Jenkins (Oregon State University, USA) Part V: Resisting Epistemologies 22. Risking Ourselves, Together: The Politics and Persons of Risk, Melinda C. Hall (Stetson University, USA) 23. Disablement and Ageism, Christine Overall (Queen's University, Canada) 24. Power-Knowledge and Epistemic Injustice in Employment for Disabled Adults, Josh Dohmen (Mississippi University for Women, USA) 25. "But you don't look autistic": Resisting Neurotypical Narratives, Nathan Moore (Canada) 26. Nocebos Talk Back: Marked Bodied Experience and the Dynamics of Health Inequality, Suze G. Berkhout (University of Toronto, Canada) and Ada S. Jaarsma (Mount Royal University, Canada) Index List of Contributors
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9781350268890
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9781350268906
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9781350268913
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9781350268920
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Newark : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
    UID:
    b3kat_BV048831150
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (355 Seiten)
    ISBN: 9781119821199
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources , Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- About the Author -- About the Technical Editor -- Acknowledgments -- Contents -- Foreword -- Introduction -- Part I Transparency -- Chapter 1 Oppression By. . . -- The Law -- The Science -- Summary -- Notes -- Recommended Reading -- Chapter 2 Morality -- Data Is All Around Us -- Morality and Technology -- Misconceptions of Data Ethics -- Limits of Tech and Data Ethics -- Summary -- Notes -- Chapter 3 Bias -- Types of Bias -- Before You Code -- Bias Messaging -- Summary -- Notes -- Chapter 4 Computational Thinking in Practice -- Ready to Code -- Algorithmic Justice Practice -- Code Cloning -- Summary -- Notes -- Part II Accountability -- Chapter 5 Messy Gathering Grove -- Ask the Why Question -- Collection -- Reformat -- Summary -- Notes -- Chapter 6 Inconsistent Storage Sanctuary -- Ask the "What" Question -- Files, Sheets, and the Cloud -- Modeling Content Associations -- Manipulating with SQL -- Summary -- Notes -- Chapter 7 Circus of Misguided Analysis -- Ask the "How" Question -- Misevaluating the "Cleaned" Dataset -- Overautomating k, K, and Thresholds -- Not Estimating Algorithmic Risk at Scale -- Summary -- Notes -- Chapter 8 Double-Edged Visualization Sword -- Ask the "When" Question -- Critiquing Visual Construction -- Pretty Picture Mirage -- Summary -- Notes -- Part III Governance -- Chapter 9 By the Law -- Federal and State Legislation -- International and Transatlantic Legislation -- Regulating the Tech Sector -- Summary -- Notes -- Chapter 10 By Algorithmic Influencers -- Group (Re)Think -- Flyaway Fairness -- Moderation Modes -- Summary -- Notes -- Chapter 11 By the Public -- Freeing the Underestimated -- Learning Data Civics -- Condemning the Original Stain -- Tech Safety in Numbers -- Summary -- Notes -- Appendix A Code for app.py -- A -- B -- C -- D -- Appendix B Code for screen.py -- A. , B -- C -- Appendix C Code for search.py -- A -- B -- C -- D -- Appendix D Pseudocode for faceit.py -- Appendix E The Data Visualisation Catalogue's Visualization Types -- Appendix F Glossary -- Index -- EULA.
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Druck-Ausgabe Gebru, Timnit Data Conscience Newark : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2022 ISBN 9781119821182
    Language: English
    Subjects: Computer Science , Sociology
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    Keywords: Softwareentwicklung ; Diskriminierung
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  • 5
    UID:
    b3kat_BV048641023
    Format: xxv, 326 Seiten , Illustrationen, Diagramme , 24 cm
    ISBN: 9781119821182
    Note: Part I. Transparency: Oppression by… ; Morality ; Bias ; Computational thinking in practice – Part II. Accountability: Messy gathering grove ; Inconsistent storage sanctuary ; Circus of misguided analysis ; Double-edged visualization sword – Part III. Governance: By the law ; By algorithmic influencers ; By the public
    Language: English
    Subjects: Computer Science , Sociology
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    Keywords: Softwareentwicklung ; Diskriminierung
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