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Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia Ser. v.VOLUME 104
This volume analyzes liberal thought in the Eastern Mediterranean since the late nineteenth century, highlighting its long-term and ongoing influence, and challenging the conventional wisdom that liberalism has no legitimate place in the region's intellectual discourse. By investigating the activities of diverse institutions, media, and personalities, the authors in this volume examine the liberal ideas and values that emerged during eras of both peace and political turmoil, while recognizing the factors contributing to their decline. Seen from these many perspectives, liberal thought developed not merely from "Westernization," but from the interaction between indigenous intellectual critique and political ideology, political experiences and literary imagination, and a mixture of admiration for and resistance to European ideas and political domination.
Intro -- CONTENTS -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction (Christoph Schumann) -- PART ONE THE IMPACT OF THE WEST: MISSION, MANDATE, AND EDUCATION -- Chapter One The Question of American Liberalism and the Origins of the American Board Mission to the Levant and Its Historiography (Ussama Makdisi) -- Chapter Two The Mandate System: High Ideals, Illiberal Practices (Peter Sluglett) -- Chapter Three "Liberal Colonialism" and Martial Law in French Mandate Syria (Michael Provence) -- Chapter Four The Syrian University and the French Mandate (1920-1946) (Abdul-Karim Rafeq) -- Chapter Five Liberal Education at the American University of Beirut (AUB): Protest, Protestantism, and the Meaning of Freedom (Betty S. Anderson) -- PART TWO CONSTITUTIONALISM, REVOLUTION, AND LIBERAL THOUGHT -- Chapter Six The Ottoman Revolution of 1908 as seen by al-Hiläl and al-Manär: The Triumph and Diversification of the Reformist Spirit (Anne-Laure Dupont) -- Chapter Seven The Nahda Revisited: Socialism and Radicalism in Beirut and Mount Lebanon, 1900-1914 (Ilham Khuri-Makdisi) -- Chapter Eight Liberal Practices in the Transformation from Empire to Nation-State: The Rump Ottoman Empire, 1918-1923 (Hasan Kayali) -- Chapter Nine Writing a Constitution: Constitutional Debates in Syria in the Mandate Period (Eyal Zisser) -- Chapter Ten Lebanese Arab Nationalists and Consociational Democracy during the French Mandate Period (Raghid K. El-Solh) -- PART THREE LIBERAL THOUGHT AND ITS AMBIVALENCES -- Chapter Eleven Within or Without? Ameen Rihani and the Transcultural Space between the "West" and the "East" (Christoph Schumann) -- Chapter Twelve Who Gets to Become the Liberal Subject? Ventriloquized Memoirs and the Individual in 1920s Egypt (Marilyn Booth).
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