IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, April 2014, Vol.52(4), pp.2197-2216
Polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) data are used extensively for terrain classification applying SAR features from various target decompositions and certain textural features. However, one source of information has so far been neglected from PolSAR classification: Color. It is a common practice to visualize PolSAR data by color coding methods and thus, it is possible to extract powerful color features from such pseudocolor images so as to provide additional data for a superior terrain classification. In this paper, we first review previous attempts for PolSAR classifications using various feature combinations and then we introduce and perform in-depth investigation of the application of color features over the Pauli color-coded images besides SAR and texture features. We run an extensive set of comparative evaluations using 24 different feature set combinations over three images of the Flevoland- and the San Francisco Bay region from the RADARSAT-2 and the AIRSAR systems operating in C- and L-bands, respectively. We then consider support vector machines and random forests classifier topologies to test and evaluate the role of color features over the classification performance. The classification results show that the additional color features introduce a new level of discrimination and provide noteworthy improvement in classification performance (compared with the traditionally employed PolSAR and texture features) within the application of land use and land cover classification.
Classification ; Color Features ; Evaluation ; Feature Extraction ; Polarimetric Radar ; Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) ; Engineering ; Physics
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