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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Plant and Soil, 1 October 2013, Vol.371(1/2), pp.267-279
    Description: Aims and background Release of 'non-exchangeable' potassium (K) from interlayers of illite is diffusioncontrolled and has been shown to depend on the solution concentration of Ê and other cations (Ca²⁺, Mg²⁺, NH₄⁺). Methods We analysed changes in soil solution concentrations of K and competing cations in situ at different distances from the root surface over time and related them to the transformation of illite, as revealed by X-ray diffraction, and chemical measures of differently bound K. Results and Conclusions Within 49 and 98 days, respectively, 6.4 and 14.4 % of the illite's total K was released upon contact with the root system. Mixed layered minerals increased from 33 (0 d) to 35 (49 d) to 40 % (98 d). Release of K from interlayers and the transformation of illite occurred at soil solution K concentrations close to the threshold of 80 µM suggested earlier. Concentrations of Ca and Mg increased with decreasing distance from the root surface, promoting the release of K. The NaBPh₄ method supposed to determine 'non-exchangeable' K extracted only 1/3 of the total K from illite.
    Keywords: Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geology ; Biological sciences -- Agriculture -- Agricultural sciences ; Biological sciences -- Agriculture -- Agricultural sciences ; Biological sciences -- Agriculture -- Agricultural sciences ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Botany ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geology ; Physical sciences -- Chemistry -- Chemical elements ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Botany ; Biological sciences -- Agriculture -- Agricultural sciences ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geology
    ISSN: 0032079X
    E-ISSN: 15735036
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