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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Children and Youth Services Review, Sept, 2011, Vol.33, p.S66-S69
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.06.015 Byline: David M. Altschuler Keywords: Adolescent offender reentry; Aftercare; Juvenile justice reform; Overarching case management; Reclaiming Futures; Reintegration Abstract: More than a decade earlier than the launching of Reclaiming Futures, federally funded work began on the reentry of juvenile offenders returning to the community from state secure correctional facilities. This work led to the development of a juvenile reentry model referred to as the Intensive Aftercare Program model. Work has continued in adapting the model to other populations and settings. This article discusses the compatibility of the juvenile reentry and Reclaiming Futures models, examining their components with respect to overarching case management, continuity of care, and evidence-based practices. Lessons learned from juvenile reentry and the implications for policy and programming are highlighted as they apply to the Reclaiming Futures model.
    Keywords: Juvenile Offenders -- Analysis ; Futures -- Analysis
    ISSN: 0190-7409
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 2
    In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, June 2011, Vol.67(6), pp.1341-1348
    Description: To authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05602.x Byline: David M. Foreman (1), Stephanie Morton (2) Keywords: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; nurse prescriber; nurse-led clinic; propensity score matching; service delivery Abstract: foreman d.m. & morton s. (2011) Nurse-delivered and doctor-delivered care in an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder follow-up clinic: a comparative study using propensity score matching. Journal of Advanced Nursing67(6), 1341-1348. Abstract Background. Nurse prescribers may be a cost-effective alternative to doctors in managing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, but to date there has been no study of their relative effectiveness, and there are concerns about their usage. We therefore undertook a direct comparison of nurse-delivered and doctor-delivered attention deficit hyperactivity disorder care in an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder follow-up clinic. Method. Seventy patients were identified between February 2005 and September 2006, 36 managed by an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder specialist nurse, 34 by doctors. Average age at referral was 7*1 years; their duration in the service was 5*5 years. Outcomes included changes since admission in the predicted diagnostic category from Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire scores, the Commission for Health Improvement patient satisfaction questionnaire and a clinic-developed side-effect questionnaire. Propensity score matching and multiple imputation were used to manage selection bias and missing data. The impact of nurse management was estimated using the Average Treatment effect on the Treated statistic with 95% confidence intervals. Results. All the Average Treatment effects on the Treated approximated zero. Inspecting the confidence intervals suggested that there was, at worst, 2*5% risk of nurses underidentifying emotional disorders with respect to doctors. Conclusions. There seems little to distinguish the quality of doctor- or nurse-delivered care in ordinary attention deficit hyperactivity disorder follow-up clinics. There seems no clinical impediment to using nurse prescribers to increase clinic capacity. It may be useful to add structured assessment of mood difficulties at follow-up if nurse prescribers are used. Author Affiliation: (1)David M. Foreman MSc FRCPsych FRCPCH Consultant and Visiting Professor in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry The Isle of Man Government and Royal Holloway, University of London, UK (2)Stephanie Morton SRN RMN NMP Specialist Nurse Practitioner and Independent Non-Medical Prescriber Berkshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, UK Article History: Accepted for publication 18 December 2010 Article note: D.M. Foreman: e-mail: david_foreman@doctors.net.uk
    Keywords: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ; Nurse Prescriber ; Nurse‐Led Clinic ; Propensity Score Matching ; Service Delivery
    ISSN: 0309-2402
    E-ISSN: 1365-2648
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: European Journal of Operational Research, 2012, Vol.216(3), pp.624-637
    Description: ► This article presents a model of partnership based on two traits: beauty and character. ► Beauty can be observed quickly, but costly dating is required to observe character. ► The form of the equilibrium is derived. ► For high dating costs there is a block segregating equilibrium based on beauty. ► For low dating costs the form equilibrium is essentially different. A model of partnership formation based on two traits, called beauty and character, is presented. There are two classes of individual and partners must be of different classes. Individuals prefer prospective partners with a high beauty measure and of a similar character. This problem may be interpreted as e.g. a job search problem in which the classes are employer and employee, or a mate choice problem in which the classes are male and female. Beauty can be observed instantly. However, a costly date (or interview) is required to observe the character of a prospective partner. On observing the beauty of a prospective partner, an individual decides whether he/she wishes to date. During a date, the participants observe each other’s character and then decide whether to form a pair. Mutual acceptance is required both for a date to occur and pair formation. On finding a partner, an individual stops searching. Beauty has a continuous distribution on a finite interval, while character ‘forms a circle’ and has a uniform distribution. Criteria based on the concept of a subgame perfect Nash equilibrium are used to define a symmetric equilibrium of this game. It is argued that this equilibrium is unique. When dating costs are high, this equilibrium is a block separating equilibrium as in more classical formulations of two-sided job search problems. However, for sufficiently small dating costs the form of this equilibrium is essentially different.
    Keywords: Game Theory ; Partnership Formation ; Multiple Traits ; Subgame Perfect Equilibrium ; Engineering ; Business ; Computer Science
    ISSN: 0377-2217
    E-ISSN: 1872-6860
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  • 4
    In: Journal of Counseling & Development, January 2013, Vol.91(1), pp.61-67
    Description: The state and federal governments, along with private industry, play an important role in the development of a health profession. State governments establish training standards through licensure laws, and state programs dictate employment and payment opportunities. The federal government unifies a profession through recognition in national health care programs. Private industry provides public access through private health insurance. The counseling profession has spent decades opening these federal, state, and private programs to become an established health profession.
    Keywords: Health Profession ; Legal ; Political ; Federal Government ; State Government ; Private Payer
    ISSN: 0748-9633
    E-ISSN: 1556-6676
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Social Issues, June, 2011, Vol.67(2), p.282(20)
    Description: Negative attitudes and discriminatory policies pertaining to same-sex relationships create social and structural inequalities, privileging heterosexuals' abilities to achieve intimacy while impeding the intimacy-related pursuits of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals. This study examined the pursuit of intimacy in the form of intimacy-related personal projects among a sample of 431 LGB and heterosexual individuals. LGBs and heterosexuals did not differ in how meaningful they rated their intimacy projects. LGBs perceived more devaluation and barriers to achieving their intimacy projects than heterosexuals. These differences were more pronounced at the macrosocial level (e.g., laws and policies). No significant sexual orientation differences were observed regarding participants' job-related projects, highlighting the domain specificity of project devaluation and barriers. Results suggest that the pursuit of intimacy is highly meaningful for both LGBs and heterosexuals. Nonetheless, LGBs experience minority stressors specific to their relational pursuits from both interpersonal and macrosocial sources, including discriminatory laws and policies. Adapted from the source document. Reprinted by permission of Blackwell Publishing
    Keywords: Gay Couples
    ISSN: 0022-4537
    E-ISSN: 15404560
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  • 6
    In: Nature, 2015, Vol.523(7562), p.503
    Description: Nowadays, efforts to improve water and air quality are too often supported by Democrats and opposed by Republicans - on the grounds that environmental protection harms human welfare, and that because the world is temporary, long-term protection is unnecessary.
    Keywords: United States–Us ; Francis (Pope) ; Environmental Protection ; Catholicism ; Science ; Evolution ; Climate Change;
    ISSN: 0028-0836
    E-ISSN: 14764687
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Oct 1, 2013, Vol.118, p.85(13)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2013.04.030 Byline: David M. Sherman Abstract: Copper exists as two isotopes:.sup.65Cu ([approximately equal to]30.85%) and.sup.63Cu ([approximately equal to]69.15%). The isotopic composition of copper in secondary minerals, surface waters and oxic groundwaters is 1-12a[degrees] heavier than that of copper in primary sulfides. Changes in oxidation state and complexation should yield substantial isotopic fractionation between copper species but it is unclear to what extent the observed Cu isotopic variations reflect equilibrium fractionation. Here, I calculate the reduced partition function ratios for chalcopyrite (CuFeS.sub.2), cuprite (Cu.sub.2O), tenorite (CuO) and aqueous Cu.sup.+, Cu.sup.+2 complexes using periodic and molecular hybrid density functional theory to predict the equilibrium isotopic fractionation of Cu resulting from oxidation of Cu.sup.+ to Cu.sup.+2 and by complexation of dissolved Cu. Among the various copper(II) complexes in aqueous environments, there is a significant (1.3a[degrees]) range in the reduced partition function ratios. Oxidation and congruent dissolution of chalcopyrite (CuFeS.sub.2) to dissolved Cu.sup.+2 (as Cu(H.sub.2O).sub.5.sup.+2) yields.sup.65-63[delta](Cu.sup.+2-CuFeS.sub.2)=3.1a[degrees] at 25[degrees]C; however, chalcopyrite oxidation/dissolution is incongruent so that the observed isotopic fractionation will be less. Secondary precipitation of cuprite (Cu.sub.2O) would yield further enrichment of dissolved.sup.65Cu since.sup.65-63[delta](Cu.sup.+2-Cu.sub.2O) is 1.2a[degrees] at 25[degrees]C. However, precipitation of tenorite (CuO) will favor the heavy isotope by +1.0a[degrees] making dissolved Cu isotopically lighter. These are upper-limit estimates for equilibrium fractionation. Therefore, the extremely large (9a[degrees]) fractionations between dissolved Cu.sup.+2 (or Cu.sup.+2 minerals) and primary Cu.sup.+ sulfides observed in supergene environments must reflect Rayleigh (open-system) or kinetic fractionation. Finally the previously proposed (Asael et al., 2009) use of [delta].sup.65Cu in chalcopyrite to estimate the oxidation state of fluids that transported Cu in stratiform sediment-hosted copper deposits is refined. Article History: Received 11 July 2011; Accepted 30 April 2013 Article Note: (miscellaneous) Associate editor: Edwin Schauble
    Keywords: Copper Mining ; Copper Oxides ; Groundwater ; Rain ; Sulfides
    ISSN: 0016-7037
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 8
    In: New Phytologist, September 2012, Vol.195(4), pp.787-793
    Description: • There is limited evidence on how shifts in plant physiological performance influence vegetation variations in the paleorecord. • To evaluate δ13C of pollen from C3 plants as an indicator of community‐level physiology, small quantities (10–30 grains) of untreated pollen and sporopollenin from herbarium specimens of Ambrosia (A. tomentosa and A. psilostachya) and Artemisia (A. frigida, A. ludoviciana and A. dracunculus), genera abundant in grassland pollen profiles, were isolated by micromanipulation. Their δ13C values were measured using a spooling‐wire microcombustion device interfaced with an isotope‐ratio mass spectrometer. Leaf δ13C was also measured. Carbon isotope discrimination (Δ) for untreated pollen, sporopollenin and leaves was compared with historic records of seasonal precipitation amount, vapor pressure deficit and the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI). • Each species showed positive correlations between Δ of untreated pollen and sporopollenin. Sporopollenin Δ was most strongly correlated with PDSI. Correlations among leaf Δ and moisture indicators were stronger for Ambrosia than Artemisia. • These results suggest that sporopollenin Δ indicates the level of moisture stress in C3 plants. Therefore, δ13C analysis of pollen promises to help address important paleoecological questions, such as how community‐level physiology contributes to shifts in vegetation composition.
    Keywords: Ambrosia ; Artemisia ; Carbon Isotopes ; C 3 Photosynthesis ; Paleoecology ; Physiology ; Pollen ; Spooling‐Wire Microcombustion Device
    ISSN: 0028-646X
    E-ISSN: 1469-8137
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Climatic Change, Nov, 2013, Vol.121(1), p.103(11)
    Description: Byline: David M. Ward (1) Abstract: A reliable public electricity supply depends in part on a reliable electricity grid system to transmit and distribute electrical power from generating stations to consumers. The grid system comprises many components that are exposed to the weather and can experience faults as a result of weather events. As climate change is expected to alter the number and severity of weather events, then the reliability of the grid and hence the reliability of electricity supplies can be affected. This paper reviews the effects of weather events on grid systems, illustrated by reference to experience on the grid systems in Europe and North America. It is shown that the effects on the high voltage transmission networks are different from the effects on lower voltage distribution networks and that generally the most significant extreme weather is high winds. Some remedial measures that can mitigate the effects of weather events are also described. Author Affiliation: (1) Retired Engineer, Bristol, UK Article History: Registration Date: 30/08/2013 Received Date: 11/08/2013 Accepted Date: 26/08/2013 Online Date: 13/09/2013 Article note: This article is part of the Special Issue on "Climate Change, Extremes, and Energy Systems." Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0916-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
    Keywords: Extreme Weather ; Electric Power Supply ; Global Temperature Changes
    ISSN: 0165-0009
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Behavior Therapy, June 2013, Vol.44(2), pp.177-179
    Description: For the past half century, behavior therapy has served as the theoretical basis for successful inquiries into the nature and treatment of many emotional disorders. Although there are core principles shared by all behavior therapies, two primary approaches, traditional cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), have emerged as the most viable treatment approaches, even though they achieve their success through different methods and are predicated in different assumptions, principles, questions, and scientific strategies. In this special series, theorists and therapists with allegiances to one of these two approaches articulate the philosophical and theoretical underpinnings of their approach, summarize the evidence to date, point out current gaps or inconsistencies, and map out future directions with predictions informed by theory. The series concludes with a capstone paper that seeks to find common ground within the family of behavior therapies while also positing ways for behavior therapy to remain relevant in a world that increasingly emphasizes neuroscience and biobehavioral approaches to understand and reduce human suffering.
    Keywords: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ; Cbt ; Acceptance ; Act ; Neuroscience
    ISSN: 0005-7894
    E-ISSN: 1878-1888
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